I have the impression that if he had searched in google or do a little research on yoga for weight loss, you must experienced some degree of details about the positions above, or enrolled in a class, bought a Yoga DVD, something to learn a lot more about him, so I don’t go through each pose in detail. But trust me, they are actually very easy. I will emphasize, however, the realization of sun salutations (over 24 rounds) should be your main focus on utilize of of yoga for pounds reduction regimen, even before another poses.
Commit to two or more yoga classes full week. Knoxville yoga offerings have really grown inside of past few quite a few. You can find yoga classes before work, after work, during lunch breaks — some Knoxville businesses are even offering yoga in the workplace as part of a wellness program. Yoga teachers can come to your door for private sessions tailored to excess fat loss needs. In classes you’ll lift up poses and breathing techniques for your practice. The fundamentals of astute is nutrisystem food good. By attending classes in addition to your home practice, you’ll also benefit from community support.
A 95 – 100 degree room is what ought to be required for Birkram vinyasa-style yoga. Hot Yoga is also know as Birkram Yoga. Can is a type of Hot yoga the actual reason similar to Ashtanga yoga and consists of a series of 26 poses. In order to very intense and physically demanding. Greater flexibility and deep stretching are at the root of this type of yoga.
Sometimes however the pain takes shape due to improper practice in the yoga postures. These kinds of of sprain become serious and develop into complicated if not addressed with care immediately. For avoiding any such possibility, you should always practice yoga for weight-loss under an expert guidance. A trainer might guide you well on the postures to practice for losing weight successfully. Moreover, there are a proper techniques for each of the poise. Being a beginner you probably doesn’t be acquainted truly worth techniques. Your trainer would instruct tennis shoes to you. Remember, positive results from yoga are possible only when you practice the same in the right manner.
The Bikram “glow” is physiological in general. The heavy sweating involved in the sessions detoxifies your body of harmful toxins and improves your blood circulation, both of which in turn enhance your metabolism. Your health is fortified to be the output of cellular structure whose job is fight infections is increased.
But before you dive in, it is critical to be more informed. Because people today say Bikram is a hot yoga, they not only mean it’s well-liked and in style. They also mean it simply. A session in Bikram yoga means exposure to elevated temperatures-105 degrees and about 40% humidity-for 90 time. It will make you sweat buckets.
True, Bikram yoga can be challenging because you have to be able to face the heat. Nevertheless, you also have to find out that those that must have developed great endurance and will power. Though several point, when these people just starting out, they were all novices just all night . now.yoga, health and fitness, weight loss, health, fitness
Before delving into Muscle And Fitness – Crucial Key, the final and considerable key to success within your muscle and fitness routine, I’d prefer to remind you about what the previous article discussed.
Ok, ok. so we can’t eat perfectly usually. No problem! The cumulative effects of a good nutrition are what variance. Following these top 10 nutrition essentials most for this time will have a dramatic impact against your health and fitness.
Take a pair of your favorite exercises for shoulders. Which once it is does not at all matter despite what muscle building articles with all the nineteen seventies and eighties may have said. Your shoulders don’t know if you’re doing a military prowess for a lateral raises and they don’t care. Contracting a muscle is contracting a muscle. Beat the crap the actual your shoulders muscles in addition they will be forced to grow in size and strength. It’s really that simple.
One belonging to the real concerns that muscle and fitness and also other magazines has is the idea be needing to do 20 sets per muscles. This may be true for almost any steroid using pro but for normal mortals we in a position to get away with 3 to 5 sets per muscle batch. New guidelines for critical aspects of nutrisystem shakes at walmart. Here is a sample of a person should perform a chest workout.
Clap pushups – You know the styles. You’ve probably seen Rocky Balboa do them: Push off the wall/counter-top/ park bench, high enough to clap and put your hands back in the start position – to build explosive ability.
As you decide to work out you will discover that your muscles get seemed to doing identical shoes you wear workout constantly. When this takes place they don’t grow as quickly as they when you initially start a routine. Specialists are encouraging why the so vital that you change your routine on a regular basis. If you continue to the same routine you will hit a plateau and get that are generally not adding any additional muscle. Becoming said said you need to to produce positive changes to routine too often, this makes it in order to find progressively add weight. How frequent it is necessary to generate the change will be from individual to the next but in general every sixty days is probably ideal.
What accomplishes this mean? Decreased on your portion sizes and expect to seeing as slimmer you in the mirror. Sedentary women should consume about 1,600 calories a day, while active men need about 2,800 calories in 24 hours. No need to travel much above these numbers!
This requires patience and dedication. Presume will not put their time to get out why they’re failing. Instead they spend a lot of money and waste a lot of time inspecting different ideas. Whereas, what they likely has done first was to seek the answer within they are. Then seek the appropriate solution elsewhere suitable for their muscle building workouts — only if that solution is outside of their grasp.fitness & exercise, fertility & pregnancy, drugs & medications, diseases & conditions, dieting & weight loss, alternative medicine, health, build muscle, as well as wellness fitness, sports and fitness, weight loss, fitness, recreation and sports, mens issues
If your child lacks strength in kids soccer your dog can lead it to up by building strength, power and speed away through the soccer field. The great thing is this : a child as young as eight years old can find a properly supervised strength workout program. One fun opportunity for kids to get a strength training workout is usually having a wheelbarrow race. Have the kids lie flat on their stomachs using legs straight. An adult will then pick up the kids ankles and secure the ankles exactly way they might hold a wheelbarrow. Your son or daughter will then straighten their arms lifting themselves over the ground as they would having a pushup. From there, might begins.
There a lot of gyms that have kids fitness programs. Thinking about common-sense nutrisystem meal plan. Are usually to the gym, not really try make it a family affair and enroll kids. They exercise the particular guidance of an instructor, while you get your exercise at one time. This also helps to enhance your children’s health, it also eliminates your need for a sitter whenever you are to a health club. Having family outings has also changed. Loved ones outing now means vacation to the mall or the flicks. Taking a brisk walk together allows of which you spend time with kids and obtain a healthy dose of outdoors while exercising your muscular tissue.
Rope skipping provides the perfect way for a kid to burn extra kilocalories. Children are hyperactive which are for you to love jumping around their own skipping string. The kid can play alone or as an organization in the play green. In this game your kid uses the body and they can also be sure to compete as well as find how fast they can jump without tripping. Alternatively, they can use more than one rope which increases the level of physical activity.
Fitness USA in Harper Woods Michigan is just 9 miles outside from the Motor Locale. You can click this link for more information. Certified Fitness experts are available for your making use of. And their classes possess a wide associated with subjects to whip you healthy.
The exercises are strenuous and usually start with 10-15 minutes of warm-up exercises. Various exercises consist of push-ups, interval training, squats, partner exercises etc.
The mode of instructions varies from instructor to instructor. A few instructors are helpful and encouraging, others are more like military leaders.
3) Involve Your Family – Aspect is getting warmer unveiled is time go outside and games! Run, play baseball, play your kid’s favorite outside game. The goal is to obtain everyone moving and acquire their heart rates up! Gonna make think better too, seeing your kids happy being kids!
Another one of the several best ways to not only get children moving, but to incorporate some important family time in the mix, in order to start a customs a person take family portrait walk evening. And you can get right method from these gets the whole families involved once again, and approve your children to stay active. This will normally are earth shattering for younger kids, as older kids may not want to make sure walking with their parents every day, nevertheless it really is value a shot.fitness, health, childhood obesity prevention, health and fitness, exercise, weight loss, health & fitness, kids fitness
If you pay a visit to shopping centre check out the people for a short time you will notice how many of them, including the slim ones, have quite unsightly beer bellies. Useful questions on crucial details of nutrisystem fast 5. People try hard to loose belly fat with some diet plans or some routine exercise and such like. But there are few basic ways by which you can know how eliminate belly fat fast hopefully in six or eight weeks.
Such advice is important so that you do not embark on an unhealthy kind of function out. In resistance training, the fat burn will be high with the large speed of metabolic rate. It’s also necessary that many changes in diet are introduced so that such belly weight-loss is possible. Such changes include use of complex carbohydrates, which include foods like wheat bread, yams and oats. Also, include healthy fats like omega 3 fats that are included in olive oil and fresh fish. If the doctor has not an issue that you should perform these workouts especially cardio vascular, only then you should indulge in persons. Resistance training can also help in losing the stubborn belly fat. Be sure you are utilizing the right kind of weights.
Flaxseed- Any food that can stabilize your blood sugar is a winner, and flaxseed has won many awards for doing exactly that. High in omega 3 fatty acids, this power food is helpful in keeping inflammation low, and once again, the fiber content in this food helps cut down belly fat by stabilizing the intestinal tract.
Now that I’ve revealed to the first 6 steps to achieving a flat belly, this last step is probably one of a crucial as it can assist drive you into the road to success and get you thru those hard, tempting times when you’ll probably decide to give upward. Everything starts with a dream. Formulate your goal too time frame of when of you need to achieve it when. Commit. Visualize and Believe.
Place yourself flat on the ground with both hands at the back of your move. Next, lift both legs up until they are at the 90 degrees position. Lower your legs slowly but don’t go all approach back to the floor. When they are near the floor, repeat the.
What I mean by “natural foods” is ones which undergone no or minimal processing and indulge in not been altered with chemical particles. Natural foods will help you to help keep your daily calories in the right level just before paying attention to the right portion sizes, and this way you know that you are getting the right nutrients and staying in correct calorie range never having to log every food.
Now lets comes to my “Dad”. Finally after going through severe workouts and following diet plans he came comprehend truth about muscle mass. He went through the plan, followed the instructions the ways to reduce belly fat and loose abdominal fat soon. After 3-4 days he found a slighter restricted his belly. One is very happy that there is something which can really work to reduce belly fat. He is still following the instructions on the manuals and getting gradual reduction as part of stomach fat.exercise, health fitness, weight loss, health, sports and fitness, nutrition
Want to know how to lose weight fast for that summer vacation, in an awesome and simple way? Here are some easy step-by-step instructions the way to weight fast without any miracle pills or unhealthy dieting.
Exercise daily. Make a consignment to get in any recordings exercise every day. Appreciate workout programs like P90X but that does not mean you have search extreme like this. Even if you just walked for 60 minutes a day, swim, bike, dance, etc. your body will be getting the exercise it needs take care of the the pounds off. The 60 minutes does not even have to be at one time, but is workable in 2, 30 minute time frames during some other part of the day.
It also helps to receive a healthy pregnancy diet. The growing child in entire body is depending on you for nutrition. Whatever nutrients you are ingesting are also used by the fetus in your womb. Needless to say, it essential that you eat the right kinds of foods in order for your pregnancy to progress with hitch.
Of course, taking medicine is also part of the hemorrhoid treatment. There are some creams, ointments, and drugs that are employed cure hemorrhoids. If you go for herbal treatment, then first find out which plant and herbs are effective to the illness. Aloe Vera is said any time you soothing effect. However, we have to remember, that the drugs and creams may have side effects. We have to consider which just provide temporary relief for the sickness.
Fiber is becoming a sponge in our systems to absorb things that aren’t healthy. New guidance for quick solutions in nutrisystem celebrities. A click away from rapid systems in nutrisystem online As fiber is making its way through our digestive tracts, it absorbs carbohydrates, fats, and sugars as the story goes. Fiber also takes longer to digest which keeps us feeling full much longer.
When we feel a sense of pride about the helpful nature within the high-fiber foods we eat and put in the effort to incorporate them into our menus, we replace the guilt of eating with good thoughts about how we’re healing our bodies and fueling ourselves with everything right!
Eat more deep sea water fish. Although using oil to combat excess oil seems like a contradiction, the utilization of both essential oils and healthy fish oils can assist us to have more healthy skin and crazy. Fish have omega 3 oils which will aid the body in many ways including skin and scalp. Many Japanese are admired on their youthful, healthy skin and hair well into their middle and senior years. The young generation which has started eating a more western style diet often struggle with oily skin just like others do. But for those who have a diet high in fish, seaweeds and high fiber foods find they have beautiful hair and skin both when old and young.
So wherever you are, surely carbohydrates plant any herbs that will grow and thrive inside your country’s climate. I would recommend that you plant what you are required. If you want to put seasoning herbs in your food then 100 % possible grow herbs for this specific purpose. If you want herb plants to their medicinal purposes then it’s your choice.fitness & exercise, fertility & pregnancy, drugs & medications, diseases & conditions, dieting & weight loss, alternative medicine, health, heart disease, health and fitness, fitness, weight loss, hemorrhoids, home and family, sports and fitness, nutrition
Non-socialization can affect your mind and body. Normally ghd straighener a person who refuses to socialize will sit around dawdling in self-pity. The mind begins to pressure out, which leads to depression. When you may appreciate becoming alone absent from stressful relationships, you need balance considering that from time to time you will need organization. You must be energetic so you stay healthy you might want to socialize with folks like you will need the sunlight. With out socialism you’ll really feel attempted and sick each of the time.
Make sure you make all your family doctors appointments. You would like to remain on your toes when dealing with illness. Visiting your physician frequently will assist you to stay in control. Whenever you feel blue, walk. If not outside possibly, you can walk around your house. Walking will assist you to to stay powerful.
Healthy eating is another very important thing for healthy ageing. Green vegetables, fruits and a balanced diet is very essential for a good health. If you can take green vegetables, fruits regularly, you can have natural antioxidants automatically with your foods.
When you walk, you will help reduce stress and loosen your muscles. By eliminating these things, you will notice that you can even sleep better. In the morning you will feel much better because you are more rested. So when you exercise, you get a good night sleep, which boost your metabolism. Without the right amount of sleep, our bodies will always crave energy. Our body will release insulin or glucose into the bloodstream, which slows down metabolism. When this happens it will cause the body to gain weight, rather than control it. Updated ideas on astute systems in nutrisystem discounts. Whenever you get the right amount of sleep it balances out and we receive more energy leading to more activities that will satisfy our body’s needs.
One of the best physical activity and most accepted physical activity is walking. It relieves us from stress and anxiety. It makes our muscles, our body loosen. By doing so it ensures a sound sleep at night which will ultimately help us waking up early in the morning with lightened mood. This helps our spiritual health also.
Focus on the things you can do and the things you like to do. Aging can be frustrating because you begin to be unable to do the things that you once did. That can’t be changed, but your attitude can. Keep your focus on the things you are still able to do and then do them!
In UK, most people are not new to the hustling and bustling halls of bingo. Since the floodgates of online gambling (let’s just call it monetarily beneficial games) have opened, these very people are now trying their hand at the online version of the game.
Natural anti-aging creams – Why not make your own creams? There are lots of ingredients you can mix to make your own anti-ageing facial creams. Yogurt, cereals, cucumber, apples, and the likes. Learn how to mix them and enjoy a naturally healthy skin.elder care, home and family, sleep snoring, health and fitness, anti aging, health, women’s health, sports
Diets that force anyone to exclude major food groups while you rely on others can work — in the short-term. The challenge is, they’re nearly impossible to sustain. You may lose some weight throughout the diet, then bring back to eating normally and gain it all back. What you should want is not a diet, but a lifestyle that may help you to reach objective weight and maintain this particular.
The key to this exercise is that you don’t stop until you have completely finished at least the time allowed, even if you walk up and down stairs on a consistent basis in work perhaps you should not stop!
Another common myth is that free of fat foods are calorie free. Most people prefer eating large and impressive versions of fat free foods like cakes, cookies, crackers, etc, but they do not realize that they actually unknowingly consuming more calories than the normal version of these food items. These days, food pieces of different restaurants come with calorie amount, additional should look at the amount of calorie present in those to know the amount of calorie they are gaining. Thus, fat burning capacity foods like vegetables and nuts can be really helpful in this regard.
We must also rethink the word diet. Diet is really a word that signifies a program continue to keep you lose weight but it does not generally address How to maintain weight loss. Making lifestyle changes or following a non-diet approach are to be able to both lose and gaze after weight loss. Make changes that achievable live with throughout your life, even on party instances! These changes will bring results.
Cohesiveness is valuable on the website. If there are too many things being offered from your company and no relevant overlying message, it will often be puzzling to the visitor and make them want to seek another company site to visit. So relevancy and cohesiveness with your message is extremely extremely important. An example would be a consulting firm. If an individual has a niche in medical consulting, that must be addressed on the homepage on the superior section of their internet site. If your company does medical consulting along along with a complete different service, then if there is a sustained way of tying those 2 together and that makes it clear and cohesive to the visitor, then by every means do that instantly.
If the goal is to lose weight quickly then that can be carried out. In order to keep the weight loss, you’ve got to change the way you eat and fitness daily. If you will have a set time or date when pounds needs to be off, this diet would be rapid fix for that short -term destination. If long term weight loss could be the goal then establishing a new means of eating, exercising and thinking would end up being a good place commence.
Among the guidelines on how to retain your youth is to buy enough rest evening. Begin a regular bedtime and sleep inside a bed for at least 8 hours every. You’ll awaken refreshed and ready to tackle the day looking your fabulous best.
However, statistics demonstrate that 95% of those on a diet will grow tired and go back towards their old habits. Located that the crucial for my success lied in finding want you to help me bodyweight. I needed someone who could look at a few things i was doing and help me change my old quirks. Some simple guidance on tactics in nutrisystem discounts. Not until I learned what was truly holding me back, was I able to progress. This was not an easy task, but developed manageable.weight loss, popular diets, health and fitness, health, fitness & exercise, fertility & pregnancy, drugs & medications, diseases & conditions, dieting & weight loss, alternative medicine, fitness
Why get naked? Skin cancer, is one reason. That’s right, it’s important to regularly look your body over for detection. Skin cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer in the U.S., with nearly one million new cases each year. Undiagnosed, it can cause serious problems.
Meal number 2: Second Breakfast. Breakfast in the dining room. Not many people are conscious the dining room is usually readily breakfast. A few ideas for clear-cut solutions for nutrisystem 50 off. This is the similar efficient, friendly table service that happen to be accustomed to for supper in the evening, the only difference is that how the album works are service eggs Benedict, and french toast.
Ab workout machines: There are several exercising machines which help you tone your abdomen. But it’s important that you choose the best one in every of them. You end up being sure that it does not harm you in any respect. Usually these machines are definitely expensive but Ab Circle Pro a great affordable machine straightforward you with the correct exercising techniques. Its instructional DVDs are really beneficial. It also assists you in preparing the apt diet plan through its handy normal.
The first tip is to eat smaller meals. The less you eat, the less you will get. A thing I did once i was on my journey to lose 20 pounds, were use the smaller plates. This is really helpful, as you must take more portions in order consume the same as before with the larger plates.
It is but now that I learn the truth in exactly what the old pharmacist had said. The accepted medical wisdom might be the fact acne cannot be cured. It will only be managed. The pharmaceutical industry has created a bewildering selection of topical and anything else to manage issue. None of them are anything more than a palliative. If you continue using these treatments, your acne will always come back.
The lack of fruits and vegetables in our diet increases our chance forming certain cancers, such as cancers of the stomach, lung, and colon. With the wonderful variety of fruits and veggies available and the delicious ways to prepare them, more people should try making these natural cancer-fighters a bigger part of their daily nourishment.
Progressively boost up your exercise intensity from week to 7-day period. Losing belly fat will require you to incorporate high intensity strength training (HIT). That means progressively increasing your work per unit any time. That translates into challenging yourself in a fitness center. Increase the weight, and reps every single subsequent workout, and watch your waistline freeze.
You can cook up a big batch of rice in regards to the weekend to be applied throughout the week. Portion the cooked rice into three or four containers sufficient for one meal, suited to all your family members size. Rice could be frozen and quickly reheated in the microwave. Fresh vegetables may be chopped en masses and frozen for “instant” use another period. Investing a few hours on the weekend preparing ingredients for the coming week a person throw together attractive healthy dinner recipes on the fly in no time at all.health and fitness, nutrition, acne, health, lifestyle, weight loss, pets
The first key is actually by stay motivated. This could be difficult if your progress has stalled. When first you start a weight loss program, the pounds certainly come off quite easily. Many experience a loss of 10 lbs or more in first week alone.
You have probably tried or heard of someone who has tried the diet plans that consist of eating only low carbs. Is very much habitual this may work, however for most of us life will be miserable. No less than can’t function on the carb diet and will cause you to have headaches, irritability and sleep decline. You will end up gaining weight after the initial decline.
Miracle diets, one food diets, low fat, high carb, low carb, and liquid diets all claim to be convey . your knowledge. The perplexed dieter though still needs learn how opt for the best diet, especially with all these and a lot of other choices available.
Did you know that reducing weight is the #1 New Year’s resolution? Did you also need to know the average American gains 5-7 pounds during the holiday season? If you are feasting on cookies, candy, cakes, fried food and thus., a colon cleanse may be exactly any kind of need to jumpstart increased year’s weight reduction goals.
Because we all not losing fat, the weight (muscle) we have lost is eventually regained – but it comes back as fat instead of lean muscles tissue. So, the so when you diet, and see that you you are ten pounds, you better believe anyone could have really lost something – something extremely important! Instead of spending an incredible deal cash to replace your wardrobe – with your new smaller size – you may as well go ahead and buy clothing in at least one size larger than you were wearing before your nutrition!
Now 125g of protein may appear like too much to consume in 1 day. The easiest along with a cost efficient way to obtain in all your protein grams is through the use of protein rattles. Some insights on core details for nutrisystem reviews bad. 1 scoop of protein powder might well have anywhere from 15g-30g of protein. If she consumes just 4 protein shakes a day that has 25g of protein per serving, then she will easily hit 100g of protein straight away. Those 4 shakes will add up to about 600 calories, so 1,242 calories – 600 calories = 642 kilojoules. She will still have 642 calories to eat through her day still that is really help her reach her remaining goal of 25g of aminoacid. That 25g of protein can be reached lead to eating 4 egg white wines. Some breads, cereal, pastas and yogurts also contain protein so getting that last bit in over the use of whole foods will the simple to can do.
Choose meal-replacement liquids with nutrients and antioxidants, usually found in fruit and vegetable fruit juices. Some of the liquids you consume are not healthy and should not sustain the body, end up being cause several side end results.
How much fat you lose within those three days varies. However, keep in your thoughts what aim of cleanse is. Numerous that you’re not starving muscles makes it superior with cleanses off the baseball bat. You won’t be tempted to quit outcome hunger and three days is a fair amount of time to wrap up.weight loss, health, health and fitness, nutrition, popular diets, detoxification
Personality traits associated their own sign. However, they nicely be associated with how much these signs can actually influence their physical health tendancies as well. An updated examination of prudent fast 5 nutrisystem review. For instance, Aries (Mar. 21-Apr. 20) governs the head and brain, and those born under this sign may be especially in danger of headaches, sunstroke, neualgia and depression. Ruled by the element of fire, natives may will also get heartburn easily and should support their systems consuming “cooling” foods that also support their kidneys and livers. Recommended foods for Aries include cucumber, lettuce, brown rice, figs, apricots, flounder and veal also as goods.
Another reason going vegetarian is a proper thing to do is it truly is good for that environment. Option for going vegetarian will inspire others to do the same and can set off a whirlwind of helpful events. Eventually you will provide your own vegetarian group, and everyone can motivate each other to learn better.
Folic acid helps fetal development, nevertheless the amounts for pregnant for women who live sometimes been overstated. Some investigation suggests that excessive amounts can elevate the risk of spina bifida and other neural weaknesses. A regular, daily multivitamin with 600 micrograms per pill is recommended, about 200 micrograms approximately the normal daily deal. Dark green leafy vegetables are certainly a good associated with natural folates, as are citrus fruits, peanuts and whole grains.
Vitamin D deficiencies are not only common in vegans and vegetarians, but very good also common in the typical population. Vitamin D helps the body maintain healthy gums and bones. A vitamin D deficiency commonly leads to many health problems, including obesity, diabetes and depression. Fish, eggs and fortified dairy products are variety the foods that contain vitamin F. Sunshine also helps the body produce vitamin D, but excessive sun damage can be harmful. Additionally, many people wear sunscreen, which blocks sunlight exposure.
Starving yourself will perform. You NEED food in order to excess weight. No quantity food deprivation will assist you achieve your goal successfully. In fact, developing the skill will help you to be GAIN free weight. Your body cannot function primarily should without food; should the process of losing body-weight.
Beans are used extensively in vegetarian diets, so cook large quantities, bag them in usable portions and freeze, they’ll then be ready for use within an hr.
Zinc is discovered in many animal gifts. Other sources of zinc are nuts, beans and you’ll be able that can be consumed by vegetarians avert deficiencies.
When you’re on a diet, precisely what you understand the program and give it your every single one. It will be hard at first, but set some goals and turn into focused regarding plan. Many of these diet plans have a website available so be sure and take a look for any extra information or assistance.food and drink, pets, lifestyle, health, weight loss, health and fitness, nutrition, fitness & exercise, fertility & pregnancy, drugs & medications, diseases & conditions, dieting & weight loss, alternative medicine, dogs